A low-lying region called a rift valley is created when the tectonic plates of the Earth split or move apart. These rifts can be found both on land and in the water. The Great Rift Valley System, which stretches from the Middle East in the north to Mozambique in the south, is one of the most well-known rift valleys. A frequent occurrence of earthquakes, hot springs, geysers, and volcanoes indicate the geological activity of this area. Despite being well-known, the Great Rift Valley is currently mostly regarded as a cultural idea rather than a scientific designation. Even though there are connections between the different rift valleys in the system, they are not thought of as a unified entity.
The Rift Valley divides into two branches as it approaches Zambia. Lake Malawi is located within the eastern arm, whereas the Luangwa Valley is located along the western arm. The Luangwa Valley is around 700 km (435 mi) long and 100 km (62 mi) wide on average. The Muchinga Mountains and the national parks serve as its boundaries in the western portion of the valley. There is a comparable, albeit less noticeable, escarpment on the eastern side. About one kilometer (half a mile) lower than the nearby plateau is where the valley bottom is located.
The Luangwa River, which flows through the middle of the valley, receives water from various sand rivers during the rainy season. The Best of Luangwa Zambia package is a wonderful expedition which will take you the phenomenal Luangwa River. During times of flooding, the river’s meandering path through the valley floor erodes the outer bends and deposits silt inside the loops. As the river’s flow changes over time, the old path is left to gather sediment and develop oxbow lagoons. These lagoons are essential to the riverine zone’s ecology and help to maintain the region’s high biodiversity.
The region’s landscape is incredibly gorgeous, with rough terrain and thick flora. A rich riverine forest flourishes close to the Luangwa River and its tributaries, maintaining its greenery all year long. This region experiences outstanding wildlife observations due to the abundance of foliage, which attracts a diverse range of species. Such as hippos and crocodiles, the large number these animals appear in make the Luangwa river one of the most wildlife-dense areas in Africa. There is phenomenal birding in this area too. The valley is home to various national parks in which JENMAN African Safaris offers various packages.